In this article, let’s briefly talk about a food additive known with the code E129. E129 (Allura Red AC) is an additive that gives red color to foods.

It can also appear with names such as Allura Red AC, CI Food Red 17, synthetic azo dye. This food additive, known to give a deep red color, is among the artificial colorants. It can be in the form of powder or granules. It dissolves in water. But it is insoluble in ethanol.

In which products is E129 used?

It is a food additive with a wide range of uses. Commonly used area is confectionery. It is also used in bakery products, flavored drinks, edible ice, desserts, dried fruit, and vegetables.

Apart from the food sector, it is also used in sectors such as pharmaceuticals, toys, and cosmetics.

Does it have a harmful effect?

The European Food Safety Authority has recommended a safe consumption level for E129. As a result of the research, it was determined that Allura Red AC (E129) may cause hyperactivity in children. For this reason, in many countries, after the name and code of the additive is specified in the products that use Allura Red AC, there is a statement that “it may have negative effects on the activity and attention of children”.


EFSA 2009; 7(11):1327