Canola is a plant obtained by natural breeding of rapeseed oil, which is one of the oilseed plants. Rapeseed oil is a vegetable oil with high erucic acid content. Erucic acid adversely affects human health. With the improvement studies, the erucic acid content is reduced to 0.1% and the oil obtained is called canola oil.
Its seed contains 40-50% oil. With this oil value, it is an important oil plant for both our country and the world. The high amount of oil in the seed, its use as solid, liquid and crude oil, being a good frying oil, rich in vitamins E and K increase the use of canola oil.
This oil is the second vegetable oil with the highest oleic acid (monounsaturated fatty acid) content after sunflower oil. A high value of this value lowers the bad cholesterol (LDL) level and keeps the good cholesterol (HDL) level constant.
It is used in many fields today. These; food industry, feed industry, beekeeping, biodiesel, rotation/alternation, surfactant, ink and coating materials, soap and paint production etc. are the fields.
After extracting the oil from the canola, pulp containing 38-43% protein is obtained. Pulp is used as an important protein source in animal nutrition. Many oil crops are planted in summer, but canola is planted in winter and summer. This is important for factories that lack oil and feed raw materials in winter.