Do you know what is wheat, which is a raw material for many products, what are the parts and characteristics of wheat? Let’s get to know wheat, which is the most consumed grain by most people.
What is wheat?
Wheat belongs to the group of grain plants. It is an annual plant. It grows mostly in Çukurova, Central Anatolia, Southeastern Anatolia and Eastern Anatolia regions in Turkey. Wheat has approximately 66-76% carbohydrates and 6-22% protein. It is also an important source of vitamin B1. It also contains iron and zinc minerals.
Wheat grain consists of 3 parts. The parts of wheat are endosperm, embryo and bran. Bran is approximately 14.5% in grain. Contains niacin, vitamins B1 and B2 and pantothenic acid. It is rich in fiber. The endosperm is the starchy part of the wheat grain. It is used in flour production. Its rate in the grain is approximately 81-84%. The embryo constitutes 2.5-3.6% of the wheat grain. It contains more protein and fat than other parts.
Wheat is used in many fields. Its main use is in flour and feed. It is divided into 3 according to the purpose of use. Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum), durum wheat (Triticum durum), biscuit wheat (Triticum compactum). We talked about this in detail in our article here. You can click if you want to read it.
Note: In the article, I only touched on what is wheat and what are the characteristics of wheat. Topics such as the benefits/harms of wheat are not the subject of this article. But you can read our article about the difference between whole wheat flour and white flour here.